#3. The city also featured a market place, towers, underground furnace and a few defense fortifications. var aax_pubname = 'worldblaze-21'; It is also known as the Harappan Civilisation after another major archaeological site at Harappa, also in modern Pakistan. Subsequent excavations revealed that the mounds contain the remains of what was once the largest city of the Indus civilization. #2. The city of Harappa and other important Indus Valley sites were found on a series of mounds over 250 acres of land, hence such a name The urban planning and architecture have mesmerised thousands of … He is adorned with a head band with a central inlay of stone ornament and a similar s… The city did not have any place of worship or governance. Mohenjo-daro was one of the Indus Valley civilization's largest settlements, or cities. The Great Bath (Sindhi: مها سنان گهاٽ، موهن جو دڙو ‎) is one of the most well-known remarkable structures among the ruins of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization excavated at Mohenjo-daro in Sindh, Pakistan. According to the archaeologists, Mohenjo Daro was constructed in the 26th century BCE. Around 700 wells were present in the city to provide Freshwater. The fall of Mohenjo Daro is one of the most mysterious things ever. 0. Mohenjo Daro is a Sindhi phrase for ‘Mount of the Dead Men’. Mohenjo Daro literally means ‘the mound of the dead’, which is just a term used to describe the 5000-year-old city. Buildings in Mohenjo-daro were made of fired and mortared bricks, as well as some sun-dried mud bricks and some wooden structures. It extended to the Iranian border, Gujarat, and Bactria. It was discovered in 1921 and has become an important archaeological find because it once housed the Indus Valley civilization, one of the earliest settlements in the world's history. It was 8 feet deep and approximately 23 feet wide. Mohenjo-daro Facts Mohenjo-daro is a site of ancient ruins in Sindh, Pakistan built approximately 4500 years ago. The City of Mohenjo-Daro In its time, Mohenjo-Daro was a model of city planning. In fact, nobody has deciphered the original name yet. 13. The hair style looks neatly back combed. It was also found that domesticated chickens were bred for various religious purposes, cock fighting and for sacrifices as well. The Citadel was a mud brick 39 foot high structure that housed the public baths, assembly halls, and about 5000 people. The words ‘Mohenjo Daro’ literally translate to ‘the mound of the dead’. Mohenjo Daro was originally named ‘Kukkutarma’. This sealing may have been used in specific rituals as a narrative token that tells the story of an important myth. #8. It was discovered in 1921 and has become an important archaeological find because it once housed the Indus Valley civilization, one of the earliest settlements in the world's history. His determination that the site was of ancient importance led to excavations beginning in 1924. Scientists from IIT-Kharagpur and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) have recently uncovered evidence that the Indus Valley civilization is at least 8,000 … Mohenjo Daro, built at the time of the pyramids and centuries before the Roman Baths, was the largest city of the Indus Civilization. Mohenjo-daro is divided into two sections including the Lower City and the Citadel. Mohenjo-daro was mostly abandoned in 1900 BC when the Indus Valley civilization declined rapidly. The Citadel which is a mud-brick mound around 12 metres (39 ft) high, is known to have supported public baths. Oldest in the World. It lies on the flat alluvial plain of the Indus, … Mohenjo Daro was granted world heritage status by UNESCO in 1980. This was the Dravidian name that meant ‘the city of cockerels’. Mohenjo Daro is divided into two parts, one of them is Citadel and another one is Lower City. Mohenjo Daro is approaching its own death. This large residential structure was designed to house about 5,000 citizens as … Seals, sculptures, and other artifacts from Mohenjo-Daro (or at least the Indus River Valley Civilization) have been found in Mesopotamia. Small probes took place in the 1930s, and subsequent digs occurred in 1950 and 1964. Mohenjo Daro: (Indus Valley City). Mohenjo-daro is the modern name; it translates as Mound of the Dead.It was one of the earliest cities in the world, one of the most advanced of its time, and one of the main cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) which was one of the earliest Bronze Age civilisations. One of the most advanced civilisation of its time. In 1922 Sir John Hubert Marshall first excavated Mohenjo-daro, which is located in what is now Pakistan . Although there are many theories that talk about the destruction of this city, many published evidences talk about a massacre by armed invaders. The city of Mohenjo Daro is said to be one of the first planned cities in the world. … Mohenjo-daro may be destroyed by 2030 because of poor conservation, flooding, and salinity in the groundwater. There were no traces of a king, queen or a government either. When Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was imprisoned in 1944, he wrote in ‘The Discovery of India’ during this time. 2. It was built between four and five thousand years ago, and lasted until 3,700 BP. #1. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Great Bath was built in the 3rd millennium BCE, soon after the raising of the "citadel" mound on which it is located. There was a higher mound called the acropolis or the citadel. The beard looks freshly trimmed and shaped well. There were also small bath rooms and changing rooms that surrounded this amazing bathing pool. The city of Harappa and other important Indus Valley sites were found on a series of the rounded pile, hence known as Mohenjo-Daro. He stated that he stood on a mound of the city of Mohenjo Daro and he was surrounded by houses and streets on all sides. In 1980 Mohenjo-daro became the first UNESCO world heritage site in South Asia. Banerji visited the ancient site. His car, still in the Mohenjo-daro museum, shows his presence, struggle, and dedication for Mohenjo-daro. Mohenjo-daro or Moenjodaro, the ruins of one of the advanced settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization, is located in the present day Sindh province in Pakistan. Satyajit also mentions various diggings in Mohenjo Daro, which include rectangular clay and various ivory seals bearing the carvings of animals such as tigers, elephants, rhinoceroses, bulls and unicorns. Several excavations occurred in the 1920s through 1931. According to the findings of the archeologists, the city of Mohenjo Daro was built around 26th Century BC, making it one of the largest settlements of the ancient times. extended over 600,000 square miles (1.5 million square kilometers) of India and Pakistan—larger than western Europe. This public bathing pool was made of bricks and was polished with natural tar to be made waterproof. The people of Mohenjo-daro appeared to have preferred order, and cleanliness to over-the-top displays of flashy wealth or dominance in society. #6. These discoveries are likely evidence of trade between the two civilizations. Mohenjo-daro had a marketplace in its central region. Here are a few mind-boggling facts about this civilization. Mohenjo-daro was one of the largest city -settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of south Asia. #10. It was one of the most prosperous cities of the Indus civilization, owing partially to its location on the Indus River’s right bank. Mohenjo-daro was one of the largest city-settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of south Asia.. The city consisted of two parts. However, much is still unknown about its people. Located in the ancient Sind Province, Mohenjo-daro is geographically in the southern portion of the country. Top Facts By Santosh July 9, 2016 Mohenjo Daro is an ancient site that is currently located in the province of Sindh in Pakistan. Mohenjo-daro was well-designed and had a layout of streets on a well-planned grid. 3:Ancient Name: The ancient name of Mohenjo-Daro city was "Kukkutarma" which means The city of Cockerel. Mohenjo Daro was called the city of drains and well by famous archaeologist Michael Jensen. var aax_src='302'; 10 Interesting Scientific Facts That Will Surprise You, Female Hair Loss and Some Easily Accessible …. The city was built around 2600 BC. Significant excavation has since been conducted at t… Mohenjo-daro of Indus Valley Civilizationis a very important for General Studies, General Awareness, General Knowledge section. It appears that there was no real central controlling government or royalty, but there may have been elected officials from each region in the city representing them in a larger government. The bath house of Mohenjo Daro was one of the biggest bath houses. It has been suggested that Mohenjo-daro was run as a city-state. Mohenjo Daro is not the real name of the 5000-year-old city. 22 Unknown Facts about Mohenjo Daro civilization You Must Know! Straight, wide streets, some as wide as 30 feet (about 9 m), crisscrossed the city These streets were carefully laid out to form rectangular blocks for houses and other buildings. August 12, 2020. This UNESCO World Heritage Site was established at … Mohenjo-Daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE as the Indus Valley Civilization declined, and the site was not rediscovered until the 1920s. But every home had its own bathing area and drainage so it appears that people were on relatively equal ground in their conveniences. Mohenjo Daro was an advanced city as its ruins show signs of remarkable civil engineering and urban planning tactics. Santosh Kumar is a Blogger, he is Just trying to share top 10 lists from India and all around the world from his blog WorldBlaze. Mohenjo Daro, built around 2600, had been abandoned around 1700 B.C.E.. Sir John Marshall's archaeologists rediscovered it in the 1920s. The people residing in Mohenjo Daro were remarkably advanced even though they were ancient. #7. Mohenjo-daro in ancient times had been most likely the administrative center of the ancient Indus Valley … 1. This ancient civilization flourished between 2500 and 1700 bc on the Indian subcontinent. 12. Here are 6 amazing facts that you should know about Mohenjo daro : 1. Researchers say that Mohenjo Daro was built around 2500 BC and it was known as one of the largest settlements that formed a part of the Indus Valley Civilization. The city of Mohenjo-Daro (“hill of the dead”) was the largest settlement of a culture that for more than 600 years from 2500 b.c. It was one of the major urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization, aka, Harappan Civilization. Mohenjo Daro and Chickens 1. Some unknown and interesting things about the very famous ancient Indus Valley Civilisation. There are also other theories that suggest that Mohenjo Daro was destroyed by an atomic bomb. #4. Ahmad Hasan Dani and Mortimer Wheeler carried out further excavations in 1945. It is in province of Sindh, Pakistan.The city was built around 2600 BC.It was one of the early urban settlements in the world. Image Credit: science.nationalgeographic. This great bath of the city of Mohenjo Daro had staircases on each side that led down to the pool. This great bath was also said to be used for religious purification purposes. Mohenjo-Daro is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Mohenjo-daro did have wealth however as there are artifacts made of ivory and gold. There are over 700 wells in the remains of Mohenjo Daro. The Origin of the Name Mohenjo-daro. It is in province of Sindh, Pakistan. Though Mohanjo Daro was built as early as 26th century BC, it was discovered only in 1921. Mohenjo-Daro was a city located in the south of Modern Pakistan in the Sindh Province, on the right bank of the Indus River. Archaeologists first visited Mohenjo Daro in 1911. The trailer of Ashutosh Gowarikar’s film Mohenjo Daro has attracted a lot of criticism from all sectors for falsely portraying of the 5,000-year-old Indus Valley Civilisation.. Built around 2500 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, and one of the world's earliest major cities, contemporaneous with the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Minoan Crete, and Norte Chico. Real facts about Mohenjo Daro. Mohenjo Daro is an ancient site that is currently located in the province of Sindh in Pakistan. var aax_size='300x600'; This statue is the impression of a girl with her hand on her hip posing in a half impudent posture. The excavation works continued for four decades, and it was finally completed in 1964. It is believed that Mohenjo-daro was built in about the 26. The city itself was abandoned back in 1500 BCE as the Indus Valley civilization had collapsed. Photo Source. Mohenjo-daro, group of mounds and ruins on the right bank of the Indus River, northern Sindh province, southern Pakistan. One interesting thing to note is the absence of temples, palaces, and tombs. But, in 2015, post a dry core drilling by the Pakistan's National Fund for Mohenjo-daro exposed that the site is larger than the … Apart from this settlement, Harappa, Lothal, Kali… The icon of the kingly looking bust from Mohenjo-Daro (Figure 1), measures 17.5 CMS in height and 11CMS in width is carved from steatite also known as soap stone. Researchers say that Mohenjo Daro was built around 2500 BC and it was known as one of the largest settlements that formed a part of the Indus Valley Civilization. This settlement was abandoned in the 19th century BC and was only discovered in 1920. Mohenjo Daro Historical Facts and Pictures. Read 10 facts related to the Mohenjo-daro. Mohenjo-daro is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.Built around 2500 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley civilization, and one of the world?s earliest major cities, contemporaneous with the civilizations of … The city was planned with well connected wide roads, all streets that were laid in perfect pattern and some of the best designed buildings. There was also a lower mound that consisted of a residential area packed with houses. Mohenjo-daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE as the Indus Valley Civilization declined, and the site was not rediscovered until the 1920s. Seal, Mohenjo-daro 32 Terracotta sealing from Mohenjo-daro depicting a collection of animals and some script symbols. Nobody is certain what ended the Indus Valley civilization. Her legs are moved slightly forward beating time and music with her feet and legs. The name Mohenjo-daro is reputed to signify “the mound of the dead.” The archaeological importance of the site was first recognized in 1922, one year after the discovery of Harappa. The figure depicts a very handsome and calm face with a trimmed beard and clean-shaven upper lip. The Indus Valley civilization existed in most of what makes up North India and Pakistan today. This meant that any further excavations were banned and only mostly non-invasive/non-damaging techniques have been used since. The excavation of the ‘Dancing Girl’ statuette is one of the rarest artifacts in the world to be excavated. It could have been a change in the direction of the Indus River which would have seriously affected life in Mohenjo-daro, but this doesn't explain what happened to the rest of the civilization and its other cities. Residents of Mohenjo-daro would have obtained their water from wells, and waste was channeled through the streets into covered drains. Mohenjo-Daro showed much of the refinement of a sophisticated city, with merchants traveling to far-away lands, metal tools, and even indoor plumbing. Today, because of improper attempts at restoration and erosion the site is threatened. Mohenjo-daro did not have any temples, monuments, or palaces like many of the other ancient civilizations. While most of these things were taught to us during our History lessons in school, here are ten interesting facts about Mohenjo Daro that you probably never heard of. This 10.8 cm long bronze statue is said to be at least 4500 years old. It was part of the Harrapan Civilization, and at its peak, the city had at least 35,000 residents. It is considered as one of the oldest established cities of the world. This name was based on a seal discovered from the site. This led to many more excavations and discoveries within the city; however these excavations stopped due to shortage of government funds. 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