Trajan Bridge, Arad: See 9 reviews, articles, and 4 photos of Trajan Bridge, ranked No.9 on Tripadvisor among 45 attractions in Arad. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Plusieurs piles du pont de Trajan subsistent sur les deux rives. [3][4] It was built unusually quickly (between 103 and 105), employing the construction of a wooden caisson for each pier. Trajan's Bridge (Romanian: Podul lui Traian; Serbian: Трајанов мост / Trajanov most), also called Bridge of Apollodorus over the Danube, was a Roman segmental arch bridge, the first bridge to be built over the lower Danube and one of the greatest achievements in Roman architecture. The forum’s architect Apollodorus of Damascus had also designed Trajan’s Bridge across the Danube - the longest arch bridge in the world until its destruction in 275 CE. The hollow piers were filled with stones held together by mortar, while from the outside they were built around with Roman bricks. [2] The twenty pillars were still visible. [6] Former canals were filled with sand, and empty shells are regularly found in the ground. It occupied several hectares and was built concurrently with the bridge. Unfortunately for the architect, Hadrian would have him exiled and later executed. The effect of finally defeating the Dacians and acquiring their gold mines was so great that Roman games celebrating the conquest lasted for 123 days, with 10,000 gladiators engaging in fights and 11,000 wild animals being killed during that period.[6]. Trajan's Bridge (Serbian: Трајанов мост, Trajanov Most; Romanian: Podul lui Traian ) or Bridge of Apollodorus over the Danube was a Roman segmental arch bridge, the first bridge to be built over the lower Danube. A Roman memorial plaque ("Tabula Traiana"), 4 metres wide and 1.75 metres high, commemorating the completion of Trajan's military road is located on the Serbian side facing Romania near Ogradina. Fonction. The earliest identified Roman caisson construction was at Cosa, a small Roman colony north of Rome, where similar caissons formed a breakwater as early as the 2nd century BC: Fernández Troyano, Leonardo, "Bridge Engineering - A Global Perspective", Thomas Telford Publishing, 2003, In the first century BC, Roman engineers had employed wooden caissons in constructing the, Monuments of Culture of Exceptional Importance, Archaeological Sites of Exceptional Importance, Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance, The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, Danube Virtual Museum: Trajan’s Road – Trajan’s Canal- Trajan’s Bridge, Immovable Cultural Heritage of Exceptional Importance, Headquarters of the Main People's Liberation Comity of Serbia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trajan%27s_Bridge&oldid=1001525422, Ancient Roman buildings and structures in Serbia, Buildings and structures in Mehedinți County, Buildings and structures demolished in the 3rd century, Demolished buildings and structures in Romania, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 02:14. Côté roumain, les vestiges du pont voisinent avec ceux du camp romain, à proximité de l'actuel musée de Drobeta. The bridge was constructed by the Greek architect Apollodorus of Damascus. A bronze head of Emperor Trajan has also been discovered in Pontes. Roumanie: Podul lui Traian serbe: Трајанов мост / Trajanov plus. The plaque was then cut in one piece with the parts of the surrounding rock and road. Noté /5. Date: 29 November 2011. There was also a bronze statue of Trajan on that side of the bridge. 0 references. The river bed was almost completely drained when the foundation of the pillars began. Bridge of Apollodorus over the Danube; Statements. It is located in Trajan's Forum, north of the Roman Forum. Source: Own work based on: Bridges 1.png. Notable structures include the Baths of Trajan, Trajan's Forum, Trajan's Column, Trajan's Bridge, Alcántara Bridge, Porto di Traiano of Portus, the road and canal around the Iron Gates (see conquest of Dacia), and possibly the Alconétar Bridge. The piers were 44.46 m (145.9 ft) tall, 17.78 m (58.3 ft) wide and 50.38 m (165.3 ft) apart. It was built over the Tagus river, Alcántara, Spain between 104 and 106 AD.The Roman emperor Trajan ordered this bridge built in 98 AD.. The bridge was constructed in 105 AD by instruction of Emperor Trajan by Greek architect Apollodorus of Damascus before his Second Dacian War to allow Roman troops to cross the river. The Iron Gate Cataract was especially problematic, as navigation was not possible during low waters, when the rocky and lumpy river bed would block the passage of ships on the entire width of the Danube. The construction began between 105 and 107; according to the Fasti Ostienses the Forum was inaugurated in 112. Learn more about Trajan in this article. Jerusalem Delivered: an Heroic Poem, translated from the Italian of Torquato Tasso, by John Hoole. Trajan’s Bridge, first bridge spanning the Danube River, built east of the Iron Gate Rapids at Turnu Severin by the Roman emperor Trajan (reigned ad 98–117) to guarantee the supply line of his legions in conquered Dacia.The engineer, probably Trajan’s lieutenant, Apollodorus of Damascus, used timber arches mounted on masonry piers to span the 0.5-mile- (800-metre-) wide river. Subject: Triptychs Monuments & memorials People Interiors Bridges Catalog Card Transcription: Tasso, Torquato. English: The ruins of Trajan's Bridge at the beginning of the 20th century, Romania. The remains of the bridge reappeared in 1858 when the level of the Danube hit a record low due to the extensive drought. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Remnants of the 40 m (130 ft) long castrum with thick ramparts are still visible today. Hence, in time there was Trajan’s Column, Trajan’s Forum, Trajan’s Bridge, Trajan’s Market, the Puente Trajan at Alcantara (Spain), and a lot of roads, aqueducts and other useful constructs scattered about. 0 references. road bridge. Trajan took up the insult and decided that he would take on the Dacians. nécessaire]. The Sydney Harbour Bridge is the most important bridge in the city of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia.It connects the city’s central business district with its northern suburbs referred to as the “North Shore.”. If you can improve it, please do. Alcántara is from the Arabic word al-Qantarah (القنطرة) meaning "the arches". Original: Laverock Vector: Con-struct. Though it was only functional for 165 years, it is often considered to be the longest arch bridge in both total and span length for more than 1,000 years.[1]. Le pont de Trajan ou pont des Portes de Fer est un ancien pont romain, situé sur le cours inférieur du Danube, à l'est des Portes de Fer, près des villes modernes de Drobeta-Turnu Severin en Roumanie et Kladovo en Serbie. For more than a thousand years, it was the longest arch bridge in the world to have been built, in terms of both total and span length. At each end was a Roman castrum, each built around an entrance, so that crossing the bridge was possible only by walking through the camps. [5], Apollodorus applied the technique of river flow relocation, using the principles set by Thales of Miletus some six centuries beforehand. Trajan, Roman emperor (98–117 CE) who sought to extend the boundaries of the empire to the east (notably in Dacia, Arabia, Armenia, and Mesopotamia), undertook a vast building program, and enlarged social welfare. © Valve Corporation. History []. heritage site in Mehedinți County, Romania. Français : Les Ruines du Pont de Trajan Русский: Руины моста в начале XX века. Sont données ici, les coordonnées de la localisation connue de ponts romain espagnols. Wooden pillars were driven into the river bed in a rectangular layout, which served as the foundation for the supporting piers, which were coated with clay. Trajan's Bridge. In Scene 59 Roman soldiers torch the planked buildings of the Dacians and the latter watch helplessly. Pendant plus d'un millier d'années, il a été le plus long pont du monde. 64 relations. Trajan's bridge - Romania, ancient Roman bridge over the river Danube, only fragments visible. The remains of the embankment which protected the area during the construction of the canal show the magnitude of the works. The Dacian Wars (101–102, 105–106) were two military campaigns fought between the Roman Empire and Dacia during Emperor Trajan's rule. Pont de Trajan sur le Danube. He ordered that a bridge be built across the Danube so that his precious men wouldn't get their feet wet. . The structure was 1,135 m (3,724 ft) long (the Danube is now 800 m (2,600 ft) wide in that area), 15 m (49 ft) wide, and 19 m (62 ft) high, measured from the surface of the river. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) There were 20 pillars in total in an interval of 50 m (160 ft). It reads: The text was interpreted by Otto Benndorf to mean: The Tabula Traiana was declared a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and is protected by the Republic of Serbia. London, 1797. Thus, it is known that work was done by the legions of IV Flavia Felix, VII Claudia, V Macedonica and XIII Gemina and the cohorts of I Cretum, II Hispanorum, III Brittonum and I Antiochensium.[6]. This SVG diagram contains embedded raster graphics. This bridge, probably the biggest at that time and for centuries to come, was designed by Apollodorus of Damascus and was meant to help the Roman army advance faster in Dacia in case of a future war. Pont de Trajan - Trajan's Bridge. He gathered his Roman legions and prepared for a very long campaign away from Rome as Trajan missed his soldier buddies. TRAIANI) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. [8] The superstructure was destroyed by fire.[2]. The stone arch bridge was built over the Tagus River between 104 and 106 AD by an order of the Roman emperor Trajan in 98. stone bridge. [2], The bricks also have a historical value, as the members of the Roman legions and cohorts which participated in the construction of the bridge carved the names of their units into the bricks. In 1932, there were 16 pillars remaining underwater, but in 1982 only 12 were mapped by archaeologists; the other four had probably been swept away by water. wooden bridge. Le pont cesse d'être utilisé vers 1250, à la suite de nombreux effondrements. It was part of a statue which was erected at the bridge entrance and is today kept in the National Museum in Belgrade. He ordered that a bridge be built across the Danube so that his precious men wouldn't get their feet wet. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. Trajan’s Bridge that is also called Bridge of Apollodorus over the Danube is a fixed bridge between Drobeta and Pontes that was built by Apollodorus in 103-105 over the Danube, on the order of Trajan after a long battle that ended with the Roman victory and armistice in 102 AD. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. le pont n'était pas entretenu durant tout le Moyen Âge, Pont de Constantin le Grand (Frontière avec la Bulgarie), Pont de Trajan (Frontière avec la Serbie), https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pont_de_Trajan&oldid=178182646, Monument culturel d'importance exceptionnelle en Serbie, Page avec des balises de coordonnées mal formées, Article manquant de références depuis mars 2017, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à l'architecture, Portail:Architecture et urbanisme/Articles liés, Portail:Serbie et peuple serbe/Articles liés, Portail:Lacs et cours d'eau/Articles liés, Portail:Sciences humaines et sociales/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Română: Reconstituire a Podului lui Traian de peste Dunăre de către inginerul E. Duperrex în 1907. Trajan took up the insult and decided that he would take on the Dacians. [2] the basis for the theory that it was Trajan its builder, reports Gil González Dávila in 1606, it is a tombstone found at the time, but actually refers to a repair of the Vía de la Plata . deck arch bridge. Roman bridge. 0 references. As the heavy equipment necessary for lifting major boulders from the river bed and dragging them onto the bank wasn't available at the time, the Roman engineers decided to cut the canal through the stone slopes on the west bank. Its construction was ordered by the Emperor Trajan as a supply route for the Roman legions fighting in Dacia. Bridge of Apollodorus over the Danube was a Roman bridge , the first to be built over the lower Danube. The proposition of lifting it with the floating elevator "Veli Jože" was discarded, too. Fragments of ceramics, bricks with Roman markings and coins have been excavated. 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